Despite the loss of so much in Atlanta, growth barely slowed down for the city. After the Civil War, Atlanta was one of the few Southern cities to grow significantly. In 1868, Atlanta even became the state capital. Atlanta continued to industrialize, and became less reliant on agriculture. The gap between the wealthy elite and the poor remained, and the city’s center received most of the funding and civic improvements. Several new affluent communities, such as Inman Park, were laid out and built.

The city suffered from several financial problems, and several cases of graft and corruption. Also taxing on the municipal government were the former slaves. Now freedman, they were demanding jobs, education, and equitable treatment. US Army soldiers occupied McPherson Barracks until 1888 to ensure reforms. But it was the white business elites that controlled the city government, despite several political attempts to do otherwise.

Of the Kindred that were in Atlanta before General Sherman, only half of them returned. Some of them did not escape the flames, and others fell to Lupines outside the city limits. Others simply left for better pastures.

Civil War 20th Century


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